Significance of the opening scene in Macbeth | Role of the Witches in the tragedy of Macbeth | Significance of Supernatural Elements in Macbeth

Significance of the opening scene in Macbeth | Role of the Witches in the tragedy of Macbeth | Significance of Supernatural Elements in Macbeth

Macbeth – William Shakespeare : Important Question – Answer

What is the significance of the opening scene in Macbeth?

Or, Describe the role of the witches in the tragedy of Macbeth?

Or, Give a short commentary on the significance of supernatural elements in Macbeth?

Or, How far Witches are responsible for the tragedy of Macbeth?


The Prophecy of the witches in the opening scene of Macbeth plays an important role in the Play Macbeth. ( Supernatural Elements/ Witches) play an important role in the tragic world created by Shakespeare. The opening scene in Macbeth is very striking to create the background of the story.

■ The Openin Scene:

The opening begins with the witches who symbolize the power of Evil, externalizations of the corruption that exists in human nature. This scene strikes the major theme of the play – the evil in human nature and the consequent disruption of human nature and Nature.

■ Role of the Opening Scene / the Witches / Supernatural Elements:

( Supernatural Elements/ Witches) in Macbeth lends to the play a weird enchantment. It creates an uncanny atmosphere of mystery and awe without which the play and its theme cannot be so vocal and vibrant. The prophesies of the Witches in the opening scene create an ambition of becoming a king of Scotland. And this leads him to the tragic consequences.


( The Opening Scene / the Witches / Supernatural Elements ) strikes the key notes of the play – order and disorder theme – corruption and disruption. The witches influence the evil satanic forces that affect the thought of Macbeth and lady Macbeth in a mysterious way. For the tragedy of Macbeth, his high ambition is responsible. The Witches just created an instinct of the same.


The opening scene of Shakespeare’s “Macbeth” is pivotal in setting the tone, establishing themes, and foreshadowing the events that unfold. It opens with three witches amidst thunder and lightning, suggesting the play’s dark and supernatural nature. The witches’ conversation about meeting Macbeth indicates their pivotal role in influencing the protagonist’s fate. This scene creates an atmosphere of uncertainty, hinting at the disruption and chaos that will follow.

The witches play a crucial role in the tragedy of Macbeth by triggering his ambition and planting the seed of his downfall. Their prophecies act as catalysts, fueling Macbeth’s ambition and leading him to make choices that ultimately bring about his ruin. They deceive him with half-truths and ambiguous predictions, exploiting his desires and vulnerabilities. The witches represent the supernatural forces at work in the play, symbolizing the disruption of the natural order and the corrupting influence of unchecked ambition.

The supernatural elements in “Macbeth,” including the witches, ghosts, and visions, serve several purposes. Firstly, they contribute to the atmosphere of the play, creating an eerie and foreboding mood. Secondly, they highlight the theme of the supernatural’s intersection with the natural world and human ambition. The presence of these supernatural elements blurs the lines between reality and illusion, leading characters like Macbeth to make decisions based on their interpretations of these visions and prophecies.

Moreover, the supernatural elements underscore the moral and psychological decay of characters, particularly Macbeth. His encounters with the supernatural entities coincide with his descent into guilt, paranoia, and madness. The recurring appearance of supernatural elements emphasizes the irreversible consequences of Macbeth’s actions and his spiraling downfall, illustrating the cost of unchecked ambition and moral corruption.

Overall, the opening scene, the role of the witches, and the presence of supernatural elements in “Macbeth” collectively contribute to the play’s themes of ambition, fate, moral decay, and the consequences of unchecked ambition. They create an atmosphere of suspense, intrigue, and dread while propelling the tragic narrative forward.

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